Phone Inventor Was Graham Bell? Antonio Meucci?
Google in its main page today decorated the famous logo for the occasion with a drawing of the personality & his good old Telephone, doing that, Google has chosen its side in a controversy ...
I've heard before that Mr. Bell wasn't really the inventor of the phone & today I read more about this.
According to Wikipedia, there were over 600 so called inventors who claimed to have invented the Telephone, an example is Florentine immigrant Antonio Meucci who took Bell to court in 1876 and according to an article in the Guardian.co.uk was nearing victory but when he died in 1889, The legal action died with him (Wikipedia stats Meucci lost his case due to lack of material evidence of his inventions).
However, in 2002, 113 years after Meucci's death & due to the efforts of Congressman Vito J. Fossella, a resolution by the House of Representatives recognized him as the inventor of the Phone.
Responsible scholarship has shown that the invention of what we know today as the telephone likely took place closer to the middle of the 19th century than its end, when Alexander Graham Bell received his patent. For instance, it is known that Meucci demonstrated his device in 1860, that a description appeared in New York's Italian language newspaper and that Western Union received working models from Meucci but reportedly lost them.
Press Release - Vito J. Fossella
Still the subject remains controversial, some modern scholars like Mary Bellis & Tom Farley, do not recognize the claims of acoustic devices such as Meucci's had a bearing on the development of the telephone.
...Like Gray, Meucci claims Bell stole his ideas. To be true Bell must have falsified every notebook and letter he wrote about coming to his conclusions. That is, it is not enough to steal, you must provide a false story about how you came along on the path to discovery. You must falsify each step toward invention. Nothing in Bell's writing, character, or his life after 1876 suggest he did so, indeed, in the more than 600 lawsuits which involved him, no one else was credited for inventing the telephone. [...] Nearly every scholar agrees that Bell and Watson were the first to transmit intelligible speech by electrical means. Others transmitted a sound or a click or a buzz but our boys [Bell and Watson] were the first to transmit speech one could understand.